Frequency and severity of oral cancers The majority of oral cancers occur over the age of 45 and are twice as likely to occur in men than in women.
In areas where oral cancers occur, the tongue, floor of the mouth, soft vascular areas close to the tongue root, lips and gums are frequently seen. If oral cancers are not diagnosed and treated in the early period, they can spread and cause constant pain, loss of function, facial and mouth deformities that cannot be corrected after treatment, and even death.
What are the causes of oral cancers?
The exact cause of oral cancer is not known exactly. However, it has been found that factors such as tobacco products, alcohol and carcinogens in some foods and exposure to excessive sunlight increase the risk of oral cancer.
Possible symptoms of oral cancers:
White or red areas inside or outside the mouth, sensitive, irritated, raised or thickened areas in the mouth, recurrent bleeding in the mouth or throat, hoarseness in the voice or a sensation of an object that cannot be swallowed in the throat, difficulty in chewing, swallowing, difficulty in tongue and jaw movements, feeling in the tongue and mouth Oral cancer lesions are painless in the initial period, and as the cancer progresses and destroys healthy oral tissues, pain begins. Therefore, going to the dentist is extremely important.
Reducing the risk of oral cancer
Do not use tobacco such as cigarettes and pipes. Do not chew tobacco. If you drink alcohol, do not overdo it. Eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
Visit the dentist regularly.