INITIAL PERIODONTAL TREATMENT
It is decided whether the patient needs further periodontal treatment.
ADVANCED PERIODONTAL TREATMENT
Advanced periodontal treatment surgical approach and gingival curettage procedures are performed.
In the treatment, patients come to their physician in 3 or 6 months and ensure the continuation of the treatment.
What is Periodontal Disease?
When these diseases are diagnosed at an early stage, they can be treated easily and successfully. Prevention or treatment of gum disease brings other benefits, such as the preservation of natural teeth, easier chewing and better digestion. Periodontal diseases start with inflammation of the gums (gingivitis). So, gingivitis is the early stage of periodontal disease. In this period, the gums are bleeding, red and enlarged in volume. It may not cause much discomfort in the early period. If left untreated, the disease may progress to periodontitis and cause irreversible damage to the alveolar bone supporting the gums and teeth.
Periodontitis is a more advanced stage of periodontal disease. The alveolar bone is damaged along with the tissues supporting the teeth. The presence of a “periodontal pocket” between the tooth and gum facilitates the localisation of the infection and the progression of the disease. As the disease progresses, the teeth begin to wobble and may even be extracted.
What is the Importance of Periodontology?
The presence of inflammation or periodontal disease in the tissues supporting the teeth can cause loss of teeth without caries in the teeth with progressive disease. Periodontal treatment is the basic treatment in dentistry. It aims to ensure that patients can provide their own oral hygiene. Complaints such as my gums are bleeding, my teeth are shifting as I get older, my gums are receding, my teeth have started to shake should be examined by a specialist periodontologist.
The colour of my gums has changed. Problems such as receding gums between my teeth are among the subjects examined by periodontology.
In addition, it has been shown in studies that the examination of the periodontologist (gum disease specialist) before making any prosthesis (porcelain crowns, removable prostheses, implant applications) extends the life of the prosthesis. This means that if the tissues supporting the teeth are not healthy, it means that the foundation of a building is not solid. As a building without a solid foundation cannot be very solid, the prostheses to be made on the teeth that do not pass the periodontologist examination are not very long-lasting.
What are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?
There are many signs of gum disease; bleeding gums during tooth brushing red swollen and sensitive gums gums that can be easily separated from the teeth, receding gums, inflammatory discharge between the teeth and gums teeth that shake or gradually move away from each other (formation of gaps between the teeth or increase in existing gaps) change in the relationship between the upper and lower teeth during biting change in partial denture fit, deterioration. persistent bad breath.
However, periodontal disease can also reach advanced stages without any symptoms. Therefore, it is extremely important to visit the dentist at regular intervals.
What Causes Gum Disease?
The most important cause of gum disease is the sticky and colourless film layer accumulated on the teeth called “bacterial dental plaque”. Removal of dental plaque by daily brushing and flossing is the basic requirement for a healthy mouth. If plaque is not effectively removed from the teeth, it turns into an irregular surface and permeable structure known as calculus or tartar. Harmful products released by the bacteria in plaque cause irritation of the gums. Due to these products, the fibres that bind the gum tightly to the tooth are destroyed, the gum moves away from the tooth and a periodontal pocket is formed. This facilitates the progression of bacteria and products to deeper tissues. As the disease progresses, the pocket deepens, the bacteria progress deeper; it progresses to the bone and destruction of the alveolar bone supporting the tooth begins. If the disease is left untreated, the teeth may eventually become loose and may even require extraction.