What is an Implant?
Implants are metal structures made of titanium or titanium alloys that are surgically placed in the jawbone of patients who have lost their teeth. These are used to replace the lost teeth of the patients, and it is tried to achieve the previously described purposes with prostheses made on them.
It is the placement of screwed teeth into the jawbone. In recent years, this treatment option, which more of our patients want to benefit from, is also applied by specialist physicians in our clinic.
In which cases can implants be made?
It should not be forgotten that your teeth are an organ that affects not only our chewing but also our speech, appearance and even our personal charisma.
Implants can be applied in cases of single tooth deficiency, multiple missing teeth and complete edentulism.
Who can be implanted?
Have a normal wound healing capacity,
Have good oral hygiene, or have a healthy bone structure that can be reached in sufficient quantity,
Implant can be applied to anyone who does not have systemic diseases (diabetes, advanced bone resorption, etc.) that pose a problem for implant construction.
The implant is a solid, comfortable and reliable application. Prostheses made on implants replace real teeth, creating the most natural structure. In the process of completing the missing teeth, healthy teeth remain untouched. In addition, implants are much longer lasting than other prosthetic options.
Especially in our patients who have lost the chance to use fixed prostheses due to tooth deficiencies or who complain that their total prosthesis is not stable in their mouths due to bone resorption, the first thing that comes to mind will be an alternative implant treatment.
Because the extended human life span due to the development of living standards has made many of us demand a certain level of living comfort in advanced ages. Again, using removable (removable) prostheses from a young age is not something any of us would like. At this point, implants offer us a great treatment alternative.
The effects of tooth loss will be psychological as well as physiological. As a special application that replaces the natural tooth, the implant also offers a definite and healthy solution to the physiological and psychological problems caused by tooth loss or congenital tooth deficiencies.
What is oral implantology?
Made of titanium, which is placed in place of lost teeth for treatment and has no side effects for the organism, and can function like a natural tooth after completing its combination with the bone tissue; plates, screws and nails are called implants.
The tooth made on the implant looks like your natural tooth and shows natural performance.
Implant is an application as old as human history. In various periods of history, people have considered mounting parts that will serve as teeth on the jawbone as a solution.
The most commonly used metal as implant material today is titanium. Titanium is a metal with excellent tissue compatibility and has been used safely in many fields of medicine for centuries.
Titanium, which is shaped as a root, cylinder or screw, is ready for use as a dental implant after undergoing a number of special processes (special design etching, laser etching, etc.). These processes determine the quality of the implant.
Physiological bone resorption as a result of tooth loss or trauma causes a decrease in the level and volume of the jawbone. This situation prevents the prosthesis to be applied to fully fulfill its function. As a result, there are problems with chewing and speaking.
What are our treatment goals?
Elimination of all kinds of edentulism and missing functions with implants and prostheses supported by them,
Elimination of a single missing tooth without touching the adjacent healthy teeth,
Fixing more than one missing tooth by making fixed bridges with the help of implants instead of removable dentures,
It is not possible to make fixed prostheses instead of removable prostheses (palate) in case of complete edentulism.
Can the implant be applied at any age?
Yes. Only, in young people, bone development needs to be completed. This occurs until the age of 16-17 in girls and 18 in boys.
· There is no upper age limit for adults. It can be applied to people of all ages whose general health condition is suitable. Older people need dental implants more because they lose more teeth and have melting in their jaw bones.
Are all dental implants successful?
For the success of the implants, good general health, that is, sufficient “healing potential”, correct diagnosis and proper cleaning and maintenance of the implant are required. In addition, appropriate surgery and appropriate prosthesis must be made by the physician. In addition, too much smoking and/or excessive use of alcohol will negatively affect success.
What is the useful life of implants?
Early patients have been successfully using their implants for more than three decades. This time depends on several variables such as general health status, daily care and cleaning of the implant. However, as with any other medical intervention, in principle, a lifetime guarantee can vary between 90-100% of implant success.
Situations where it is not possible to make the implant;
Implants may be inconvenient due to some physical ailments or disabilities. These:
Advanced bone resorption,
Significant heart ailments,
Blood coagulation problems,
· Rheumatic diseases,
Being overly fond of and similar situations,
· In patients with diabetes; In cases where diabetes is not under control and does not progress regularly,
Inadequate bone structure in the jaw, insufficient or anatomically risky,
The patient is not prone to surgical procedures (excessive fear, anxiety),
· The patient’s financial situation is not good (It is an expensive procedure),
Situations where the patient cannot fully provide oral hygiene (oral cleaning) after implantation.
What if treatment fails?
The implant can be removed with a very simple intervention and the place will heal on its own.
Are implants rejected by the body?
Implants are mostly made of biocompatible materials called titanium. Since titanium is not a living substance, it does not cause an antigen – antibody reaction as in heart and kidney transplantations. Therefore, there can be no talk of a “tissue rejection”.
Is there a risk of cancer?
There is not a single example in the world of medicine and dentistry that shows that dental implants cause cancer.
Are dental implants applied for cosmetic reasons?
The main application area of dental implants is the elimination of missing teeth. Cosmetic improvements can also be achieved while removing the missing tooth.
Can a guarantee be given?
In scientific studies, it has been shown that the success of the implant varies between 90-100%. However, as with any medical intervention, it is not possible to give a guarantee for implants. However, in our clinic, the necessary conditions to increase the success of the treatment are brought together with the utmost care.
What are our basic criteria that determine our treatment success?
First of all, case selection, that is, putting the right indication is the first condition for the success of the treatment,
Correct prosthetic planning,
Compliance with clinical conditions (necessary surgical materials and sterilization conditions are ready),
Demonstrating sufficient surgical skills,
Preferring implant brands with proven clinical reliability, depending on years and a large number of cases,
Continuing the same care and skill when making and superstructure (prosthesis over implant),
These are our basic criteria that keep our treatment success high.
Is implant an expensive treatment?
Implant applications require a series of complex and long-term procedures. Therefore, they also require a higher expenditure than routine dental services. In a study conducted on patients whose implant treatments were completed, patients stated that they got a return on their investment and would have the same thing done again if necessary.
Will I have any discomfort during and after the operation?
The operation can be performed with local anesthesia and sedation without any pain or discomfort. General anesthesia can also be applied when necessary. After the operation, there may be a slight pain or swelling that can be heard after any tooth extraction. These can be easily eliminated with painkillers and necessary precautions.
How long does it take to complete the placement operation and prosthesis?
The duration of the surgery can vary from half an hour to several hours, depending on the number of implants to be placed and the patient’s conditions. After the operation, it is waited for 3-6 months for the implant and bone to fuse (osseointegration). Then, prostheses are placed on these implants with an application that takes several sessions.
Another option is active surface implants that can be applied with a small cost difference. These new types of implants, which reduce the time of fusion (osseointegration) to 2 weeks, and thus allow prosthesis to be made in much shorter times, may also be preferred depending on the time constraints of our patients.
In cases where some suitable conditions can be met, prosthesis can be made without waiting.
These prostheses, in which all the possibilities of contemporary dentistry are used, are a marvel of engineering.